How do you handle errors in React applications?

Experience Level: Junior
Tags: React


In React, there are several ways to handle errors.

Built-in error boundaries: One of the most common ways is to use the built-in error boundaries. Error boundaries are React components that catch JavaScript errors anywhere in their child component tree, log those errors, and display a fallback UI instead of the component tree that crashed.

Error boundaries catch errors during rendering, in lifecycle methods, and in constructors of the whole tree below them. To create an error boundary, you need to define a new component that implements either one or both of the lifecycle methods static getDerivedStateFromError() and componentDidCatch(). The getDerivedStateFromError() method is used to render a fallback UI after an error has been thrown, while the componentDidCatch() method is used to log the error information.

try-catch blocks: Another way to handle errors in React is to use try-catch blocks. This approach is useful when you need to handle errors in a specific component or function. You can wrap the code that might throw an error in a try block and catch the error in the catch block. Then, you can handle the error in any way you want, such as displaying an error message or logging the error information. However, this approach can be tedious and error-prone if you have many components or functions that might throw errors.

third-party libraries: Finally, you can use third-party libraries to handle errors in React applications. One popular library is Sentry, which provides real-time error tracking and monitoring for your application. Sentry can catch and report errors from both the client and server sides of your application, and it integrates with many popular frameworks and platforms, including React. Sentry provides a simple API that you can use to capture errors and send them to the Sentry server. You can also configure Sentry to send notifications when new errors occur, so you can quickly identify and fix them.

// Example of using error boundaries in React

class ErrorBoundary extends React.Component {
  constructor(props) {
    this.state = { hasError: false };

  static getDerivedStateFromError(error) {
    // Update state so the next render will show the fallback UI.
    return { hasError: true };

  componentDidCatch(error, errorInfo) {
    // You can also log the error to an error reporting service
    console.error(error, errorInfo);

  render() {
    if (this.state.hasError) {
      // You can render any custom fallback UI
      return <h1>Something went wrong.</h1>;

    return this.props.children; 

function MyComponent() {
  throw new Error('Error in MyComponent');

function App() {
  return (
        <MyComponent />
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