How do you implement server-side rendering in a React application?

Experience Level: Junior
Tags: React


Server-side rendering (SSR) is the process of rendering a React application on the server-side and sending the HTML to the client instead of sending an empty HTML file and then rendering the application on the client-side. This approach can improve the performance of the application by reducing the time to first paint and improving the search engine optimization (SEO) of the application.

There are several ways to implement SSR in a React application, but one common approach is to use a Node.js server with a library like Next.js or React Router.

Next.js is a popular framework for building SSR React applications. It provides a simple API for creating pages and handling routing, and it also includes features like automatic code splitting, static file serving, and serverless deployment. To use Next.js, you can create a new project with the command "npx create-next-app" and then add pages to the "pages" directory. Each page should export a React component that will be rendered on the server-side and sent to the client. You can also use Next.js to handle dynamic data fetching and API routes.

React Router is another library that can be used for SSR React applications. It provides a way to handle routing on the server-side and render the appropriate components based on the URL. To use React Router for SSR, you can create a Node.js server and use the "StaticRouter" component to render the application on the server-side. You can also use the "matchRoutes" function to match the URL to the appropriate components and fetch data before rendering the application.

// Example of using Next.js for SSR
import React from 'react';
import Head from 'next/head';

function Home() {
  return (
      <h1>Welcome to my website!</h1>

export default Home;
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