Two-way data binding and one-way data flow are two different approaches to managing data in web applications. Two-way data binding refers to the ability of a framework or library to automatically update the view when the model changes, and vice versa. This means that changes made to the user interface are immediately reflected in the underlying data, and changes made to the data are immediately reflected in the user interface. This approach is commonly used in frameworks like AngularJS and Vue.js.
One-way data flow, on the other hand, is a simpler approach where data flows in one direction only, from the model to the view. In this approach, changes made to the model are propagated to the view, but changes made to the view do not affect the model directly. Instead, the view triggers events that are handled by the controller or another component, which then updates the model. This approach is commonly used in frameworks like React and Flux.
The main difference between two-way data binding and one-way data flow is that two-way data binding allows for a more seamless and automatic synchronization between the model and the view, while one-way data flow provides a clearer and more predictable data flow that is easier to reason about and debug. Two-way data binding can also lead to performance issues and make it harder to track down bugs, especially in larger applications. One-way data flow, on the other hand, can be more verbose and require more boilerplate code, but it provides a more explicit and controlled data flow that is easier to manage in the long run.