What is the role of heuristics in AI, and how are they used?

Experience Level: Junior
Tags: Artificial Intelligence


Heuristics are problem-solving strategies that use practical experience and rules of thumb to solve complex problems. In AI, heuristics are used to guide the search for a solution in a large, complex space of possibilities.

In many cases, exhaustive search algorithms are not feasible due to the size of the search space. In such cases, heuristics can be used to guide the search towards promising areas of the search space. For example, in a game of chess, a heuristic might be to prioritize moves that capture the opponent's pieces or protect one's own pieces.

Heuristics can be learned from data or expert knowledge, or they can be designed by humans. They can also be combined with other AI techniques, such as machine learning or rule-based systems, to create more effective and efficient problem-solving methods.

One challenge in using heuristics is that they may not always lead to the optimal solution. However, they can be effective in finding good solutions in a reasonable amount of time, particularly in situations where the cost of an incorrect decision is low.
Artificial intelligence (AI) for beginners
Artificial intelligence (AI) for beginners

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