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How can you split a long RUN instruction on multiple lines in Dockerfile?

Experience Level: Senior
Tags: Docker

Answer

In the shell form you can use a \ (backslash) to continue a single RUN instruction onto the next line. For example, consider these two lines:

RUN /bin/bash -c 'source $HOME/.bashrc; \
echo $HOME'

Together they are equivalent to this single line:

RUN /bin/bash -c 'source $HOME/.bashrc; echo $HOME'

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