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BP13: Defensive copies of objects

Always return defensive copies of objects that aren't immutable if you don't intend for the user of your API to make changes to them.

In C#, structs are a value type so you don't need to make a defensive copy of them. You need to make clones and/or copy constructors of classes to make defensive copies.

However, collections in particular have a bunch of special methods to handle it: In C#

  • Array.AsReadOnly(T[]) is a static method that will return a ReadOnlyCollection that is a wrapper around the array
  • List has .AsReadOnly() to wrap it in a ReadOnlyCollection
  • For Dictionaries, you can instantiate ReadOnlyDictionary directly; its constructor takes an IDictionary


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